In our previous blog posts, we’ve told you about the varied transports and what to think about when choosing them. Today we’ll mention what LTL freight is, its advantages, LTL freight in Canada, and therefore the requirements that the provinces impose on you about this operation.
Less-than-truck transport or less-than-load transport (LTL), referred to as LTL, is an acronym that stands for transporting relatively small cargo. Less-than-truck shipments include shipping that does not require a whole trailer. This method is usually used for loads that need one to 6 pallets and weigh but 15,000 pounds. That’s why LTL freight may be a big deal. Indeed, for a few companies, it makes up 95 percent of their business.
This type of transportation has multiple benefits for your business. The main advantage of using an LTL carrier is that shipments are transported well below the value of renting a whole truck for personal shipment. Once you use LTL freight, the carrier puts all shipments from multiple businesses in one freight truck. Therefore, each shipper only pays a neighbourhood of the shipping cost. The concept is now more like cost-sharing with friends, where each hauler pays a fraction of the worth of the truck.
A full truckload is usually considered the most straightforward choice, but this may only work if the volume is available. While organizing multi-stop truckloads is generally more challenging and expensive than it’s worth, LTL freight gives you more control once you consistently have many small shipments.
Another of the most important reasons companies use LTL freight is that LTL shipments often have a faster delivery time than total truckload shipments. There are fewer logistics to affect. With an LTL freight, there are fewer stops and faster weighing along the way.
With LTL freight, you’ve got the power to ship even the littlest quantity of things within the country without having to attend until you’ve got enough items for an entire shipment to be cost-effective.
Canadian trucking regulations help govern transport across over a million kilometres of highway that cover our large country. , it’s essential to know the road transport laws and regulations in situ and make sure you abide by those laws to ship items quickly and safely from coast to coast.
The Motor Vehicle Transport Act regulates the industry across Canada. Regulations under this act include the Motor Carrier Safety Fitness Certificate Regulations and, therefore, the Commercial Vehicle Driver Hours-of-Service Regulations.
All the regulations governing commercial vehicles, drivers, and motor carriers in Canada are supported by Transport Canada’s NSC or National Safety Code standards. The NSC may be a code of minimum standards of performance required to be followed by all commercial vehicles. For the safe operation of economical vehicles, the NSC applies to everyone. The Canadian industry is managed by Transport Canada and is regulated by the automobile Transport Act. Motor Carrier Safety Fitness Certificate RegulationsAll commercial vehicles that travel across provincial borders must possess a Motor Carrier Safety Fitness Certificate.
An ELD or AOBRD can help handle all of those regulations that you or your drivers do not have to. Memorandum of Understanding on Interprovincial Weights and Dimensions (MOU)All the trucks that operate in Canada are required to follow the load and measurement regulations laid down by this Memorandum of Understanding. These measurement limitations are acceptable altogether in the provinces of Canada.
The Provincial and Territorial governments in Canada have authority over the load and dimension limits that apply to the roads within their boundaries. The Memorandum of Understanding on Interprovincial Weights and Dimensions (MOU) is supposed to provide improved uniformity in weight and dimension limits through the establishment of minimum and/or maximum thresholds acceptable to any or all or any jurisdictions for eight configurations of vehicles commonly utilized in interprovincial transportation.
A vehicle is expected to meet the requirements of this Memorandum when all of the following conditions are met. Vehicles are divided into eight categories, and their height, including cargo, cannot exceed 2.15 meters. Its width, including the load but excluding mirrors, lamps, and load covering or fixing devices, must not exceed 2.6 meters. Axle weights and Gross Vehicle Weight must not exceed the limits set for each axle and vehicle type, assuming that jurisdictions will not have statutory or published tolerances for the application of local legislation.
The weight limits of the various jurisdictions are also subject to seasonal restrictions, particularly during the spring thaw period. Because the timing and nature of these restrictions vary from state to state, carriers should contact state officials directly for specific details. The use of lift axles is not recommended or prohibited in many jurisdictions, primarily in western Canada.
Here are the provinces in Canada that differ in LTL freight between regions:
1. The province of British Columbia requires road tractors to use engines with a minimum gross weight of 150 kg/hp. In addition, tractors with tandem or tridem drive axles must be used in combinations of vehicles with a gross weight exceeding 38,000 kg.
2. Northwest Regions – Single Tire Weight Limit (April 2008 and January 2019): The weight on a single tire (excluding steering axles) cannot exceed 3000 kg. When an axle in a single, tandem, or triple-axle group is equipped with two single tires, each with a width of 445 mm or more, the axle weights may not exceed the weight limit prescribed for each axle.
Type the vehicle category on the Enhanced Visibility Highway (EU/NT Border to Yellowknife and Hay River).
3. New Brunswick – Weight Limit on Single Tires (April 2008):
The weight on a single tire with a width of at least 445 mm (excluding steered axles) may not exceed 3080 kg on roads of Class 3 – Gross Vehicle Weight up to 50,000 kilograms and Class 4 – Gross Vehicle Weight up to 43,500 kg.
The weight on a single tire less than 445 mm wide (excluding steered axles) may not exceed 3000 kg on all New Brunswick highways.
4. Yukon Territory – Weight Limit on Single Tires (January 2019):
The weight on a single tire (excluding steered axles) may not exceed 3,850 kg on non-structural paved highways.
When an axle in a single, tandem, or tridem axle group is equipped with two single tires, each 445 mm wide or more, the axle weights may not exceed the weight limit for each axle type in the vehicle category on Highway 1. 930-984 km, 1340-1448 km, and 1578-1584 km.
5. Newfoundland and Labrador – Single Tire Weight Limit (January 2019): The weight on a single tire (excluding steering axles) cannot exceed 3,850 kg on secondary highways. On secondary roads, the weight limit for tridem axle assemblies equipped with single tires with a width of 445 mm or more cannot exceed 21,000 kg for a tridem span of 2.4 m to < 3.0 m 23,100 kilograms for a vehicle.
We see that the differences between provinces can confuse you. That’s why we, as Bushell, are here to find solutions to your problems. Request a quote from us today, and we’ll contact you within 12 hours. Get a quote here, and please include as much information as possible in your request.
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